DepressionWhat is Depression?

Clinical Depression is a mood disorder with the following symptoms:

  • Low mood, persisting each day
  • Anhedonia (loss of pleasure in activities)
  • Tiredness, often present on waking up
  • Lethargy, procrastination and demotivation
  • Repetitive thoughts associated with guilt, worthlessness and failure
  • Poor concentration; difficulty in making decisions
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Appetite changes
  • Loss of libido

Suicidal thoughts (or thoughts about dying) may be present in some cases.

Depression may be a short term reaction to demoralising events, or it may be a long-term pattern persisting since teenage years.

A milder form of depression is known as dysthymia, in which the individual experiences low moods, which may or may not be seasonal (Seasonal Affective Disorder – SAD).

Psychotherapy for depression

Psychotherapy seeks to reverse learned helplessness, overcome depressive thoughts, develop self-efficacy, and activate behaviours that improve mood.

Using any of the following techniques/approaches in combination

  • Investigating the origin of learned helplessness in recent/early life events
  • Thought defusion
  • Thought challenge
  • Thought replacement
  • Developing coping mechanisms for life problems
  • Exercise programs
  • Occupational therapy
  • Behavioural activation

Articles on Depression Therapy

View articles on psychotherapy and depression here.


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